Article 5413

Title of the article



Kalimullin Rishat Radikovich, Postgraduate student, Ulyanovsk State University (42 L. Tolstogo street, Ulyanovsk, Russia),

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Background. At present time, one of the key objectives of the domestic industry is comprehensive update and technological restructuring of the entire production sector of the state. Interests in modernization of the industrial sector of the economy include not only the activation of the current innovation, but also a kind of scientific and historical inventory of all that has been achieved in the previous stages of development. Of particular interest is the reference to the experience of creating and implementing a coherent system of scientific research sector of the economy and industrial production in the 1950–1960-ies., to full revelation of both the achievements and the problem points STR. The most complete data issues could be addressed with concrete data on the economic history of major industrialized regions, which traditionally include the middle Volga region. During this period, research institutes (SRI) became the main form of organization in the implementation of the «science-production» cycle in the Kuibyshev and Ulyanovsk regions. Particular attention is paid to the regional characteristics of the research sector of the economy during this period. On the basis of a wide range of sources the author analyzed the reasons of performance decrease of research institutions in the region by the end of 1960.
Results. In the 1950–1960-ies in the middle Volga region there was developed a harmonious system of research institutes, carrying out projects of multivector orientation. Uneven placement of research institutions in the region can be seen clearly. The main reasons for the differentiated nature of the placement were as follows: the state of scientific and technical policy, regional industrial specialization, resource security.
Conclusions. By the end of the 1960s, the Middle Volga region became a major research center in the country, ensuring the achievement of science priority industries: aviation, petroleum, machinery and metal processing. In some areas there were created such institutes which had no analogues in the country. However, the potential impact of scientific research institutes on scientific and technological progress was not used in full. The main reason for reducing the effectiveness of the «science-production» cycle was a complex multistage, hierarchical system of management of the research sector of the economy.

Key words

research institute, scientific-technical revolution, innovation, research and production association, science and design office, research development.

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Дата создания: 16.10.2014 16:12
Дата обновления: 23.10.2014 12:34